1914: UPI Teletype
Did You Know?
Press critic Oswald GarrisonVillard credits United Press with first use of the teletype
UP rejects a bid to swap news with Reuters and instead sets up its own international coverage.
In the United States, UP earns respect for its objective coverage of the Lawrence, Mass., mill strike, with American Magazine saying: "The United Press was true to its responsibility and as a result of its accurate representation of that labor conflict the whole nation was aroused."
In 1912 E.W. Scripps wrote a letter to Roy Howard, then general manager of United Press, telling him in clear terms the circumstances in which he founded the wire service and what he envisioned as its purpose.
Edward Kleinschmidt invents the teletype, which replaces Morse code clickers in delivering news to newspapers. Press critic Oswald GarrisonVillard credits United Press with first use of the teletype.
In Europe, UP's Karl Von Wiegand provides the first reports from the German frontlines in World War I, and obtains an exclusive interview with the German crown prince. UP becomes known for its interviews.
When the Cunard liner Lusitania is torpedoed by a German U-boat and sunk off the Irish coast on May 7, 1915, thousands of people attending the Pan American Exposition in San Francisco get first word of the sinking from a United Press bulletin typed on a giant 14-ton Underwood electric typewriter.
UP completes arrangements to deliver 5,000 words per day by cable to South American newspaper clients. The expanded service begins January1, 1920.